Türkiye’s seventh Nationwide Antarctic Science Expedition is working to look at the degrees of human-induced pollution within the lakes on the island of Antarctica.
Turkish scientists have noticed an emperor penguin chick for the primary time on Horseshoe Island in Antarctica.
Scientists, who spoke to Anadolu on Friday, went to the “continent of science and peace” to hold out glacial observations as a part of the expeditions on Horseshoe Island, the place they’ve been finishing up scientific actions for seven years.
Burak Karacik, the environmental officer in Türkiye’s seventh Nationwide Antarctic Science Expedition, stated they noticed three varieties of penguins on Horseshoe Island, the place their momentary science camp is situated, however that they encountered a child emperor penguin for the primary time this yr.
Emperor penguins are the biggest of the 18 penguin species discovered on the planet.
“Emperor penguins are recognized to reside close to Horseshoe Island in earlier information, however we have by no means seen emperor penguins on Horseshoe Island throughout our expeditions.
“The emperor penguins, which we usually see additional south, are a species we’ve not seen for seven years regardless of them having a colony. That is an fascinating scenario for us. Aside from this species, Adelie and Chinstrap penguins are additionally seen on the island,” the scientist stated.
The expedition is held underneath the auspices of the Turkish presidency with assist from the Ministry of Business and Expertise and coordinated by the Polar Analysis Institute of Scientific and Technological Analysis Council of Türkiye’s (TUBITAK) Marmara Analysis Middle (MAM).
Turkish scientists conduct researches on Antarctica’s air pollution to guard animals and atmosphere on Horseshoe Island inside seventh Nationwide Antarctic Science Expedition https://t.co/sGGGxYxmQ8
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Nationwide Antarctic Science Expedition deputy head Atilla Yilmaz stated they have been engaged on lakes on Horseshoe Island and aimed to look at the degrees and distribution of human-induced pollution within the lakes.
Explaining that there are 4 lakes on the island and that they have been gathering water and sediment samples from these lakes, Yılmaz stated:
“We are going to conduct numerous analyses within the laboratories in Türkiye on the samples collected. Two completely different (species of) zooplankton have been discovered within the research carried out on the lakes. That is why the lake ecosystems within the southernmost latitudes the place these zooplankton are seen are of nice significance.”
“Zooplankton fossils courting again tens of 1000’s of years have been discovered within the core and sediment samples taken in the course of the research. Subsequently, we’re making nice efforts to protect this scientific and cultural heritage sooner or later.
“The UK, Belgium and Türkiye are making an effort to declare all of the lakes within the neighborhood as protected areas. Most probably, this place might be a protected space from 2024,” he stated, including that continued scientific analysis would entail “sure guidelines.”
Karacik stated they’d additionally search for heavy metallic and natural pollution within the samples they take within the lakes on the island, including: “Although there aren’t any people (dwelling right here), human-induced pollution come right here. They will come right here particularly by air resembling pesticides and atmospheric results, and so they may also have an effect on dwelling issues.”
Underlining the significance of sea ice formation in Antarctica, Karacik stated that this yr, sea ice ranges have been “very low in comparison with earlier years, it’s at its lowest stage… The creatures we name krill, that are the start of the ecosystem, have a direct proportion to sea ice.”
“When sea ice decreases, krill decreases. Whales, seals, and penguins specifically reside on krill. When the ocean ice decreases in Antarctica, the entire ecosystem deteriorates. I can say that we now have seen this with our personal observations. Whereas we noticed numerous whales and seals in earlier expeditions, we had the chance to see only a few of them this time,” he added.
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