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Bolsonaro Misplaced the Election. Now He’s Attempting to Keep away from Arrest.

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It has been a nasty 10 months for Jair Bolsonaro.

He misplaced re-election as Brazil’s president. 1000’s of his supporters stormed Brazil’s halls of energy. And he was blocked from holding elected workplace for seven years.

Now issues may quickly worsen: Throughout Brazil, each his critics and supporters speculate that the following twist could be his arrest.

Mr. Bolsonaro, 68, has turn into ensnared in a sequence of investigations into fraud and election tampering which have already landed a few of his closest allies in jail and that, over the previous a number of weeks, look like closing in on him.

However one case might pose the largest menace to the previous president within the close to time period, and it revolves round an alleged scheme that resembles a small-scale mafia rip-off: Promoting embezzled watches at a shopping center outdoors Philadelphia.

This month, Brazilian federal police carried out raids as a part of an investigation into what it says was a broad conspiracy by Mr. Bolsonaro and several other allies to embezzle costly items he obtained as president from Saudi Arabia and different nations. In a single case, authorities accuse Mr. Bolsonaro’s private aide of promoting a diamond Rolex watch and a Patek Philippe watch to a jewellery store on the Willow Grove Park Mall in Pennsylvania final 12 months.

Mr. Bolsonaro in the end obtained no less than among the $68,000 from the sale in money, federal police officers mentioned.

In an interview, Mr. Bolsonaro’s lawyer, Paulo Cunha Bueno, mentioned that whether or not Mr. Bolsonaro tried to promote the diplomatic items is irrelevant as a result of a authorities panel had beforehand dominated that a lot of the jewellery is Mr. Bolsonaro’s private property, not the state’s. “It’s his proper,” Mr. Bueno mentioned. “It doesn’t matter.”

Another consultants in Brazilian regulation mentioned that such costly items are clearly state property and that Mr. Bolsonaro gave the impression to be in authorized bother. “To me, it appears most unlikely that the president wouldn’t be criminally charged for embezzlement,” mentioned Miguel Reale, Brazil’s former minister of justice beneath a special president. Such a cost can carry penalties of as much as 12 years in jail, he mentioned. “It’s fairly a fragile state of affairs for the president.”

The case is one more parallel between Mr. Bolsonaro and Donald J. Trump. Two far-right, nationalist leaders who attacked their nation’s democratic establishments, they each have now been accused of mishandling overseas items they obtained as president.

Home Democrats have accused the Trump White Home of failing to correctly doc greater than 100 overseas items value greater than $250,000 mixed. On the time of the Home report in March, these items have been in the end accounted for, save for 2: golf golf equipment from the previous prime minister of Japan, Shinzo Abe, and an 8-foot-tall portray of Mr. Trump from El Salvador’s president, Nayib Bukele. Mr. Trump later mentioned he discovered no less than one of many golf golf equipment in a locker, and The New York Occasions discovered the lacking portray in a again room at a Trump lodge in Miami.

Like Mr. Trump, Mr. Bolsonaro’s historical past with overseas items is hardly his solely authorized drawback. Different investigations into Mr. Bolsonaro have heated up in latest weeks. There are probes into his potential involvement within the Jan. 8 riot in Brazil’s capital; a scheme to falsify his Covid-19 vaccine data; an alleged plot to bug a Supreme Court docket justice; and accusations that he ordered police to tug over his rival’s voters on Election Day. Final week, a hacker testified to Brazil’s Congress that Mr. Bolsonaro urged him to hack into the nation’s election system to point out it was unsafe forward of the 2022 presidential election.

Mr. Bolsonaro denies wrongdoing in every case, saying the allegations are fabricated and political persecution. Every may carry severe legal penalties for Mr. Bolsonaro.

Mr. Bolsonaro’s troubles with overseas items started in 2021 when Brazilian customs officers seized greater than $3 million value of undeclared jewels from the backpack of a Brazilian authorities official getting back from an official go to to Saudi Arabia. The official mentioned the jewels have been a present from Saudi officers for Mr. Bolsonaro and his spouse, Michelle. Mr. Bolsonaro later made a number of makes an attempt to get well the jewels, in response to a number of Brazilian information retailers, together with Estadão, which first reported on the seizure.

That case started a federal investigation into Mr. Bolsonaro’s dealing with of overseas items that, in response to investigators, has revealed broad embezzlement and cash laundering.

In a single incident, police officers mentioned, Mr. Bolsonaro’s private aide, Lt. Col. Mauro Cid, tried to promote an 18-karat gold set from the luxurious model Chopard, together with a hoop, cuff hyperlinks and an Arabic rosary, at a Manhattan public sale home referred to as Fortuna. In a “Valentine’s Day” public sale in February, Fortuna listed the set, which the police mentioned was a present from the Saudi authorities, for $50,000, with an estimated worth of as much as $140,000. It didn’t promote.

Mr. Cid and different aides tried to promote varied different objects, the police mentioned, however solely succeeded with the watches. In June 2022, whereas in the USA after Mr. Bolsonaro’s journey to the Summit of the Americas, Mr. Cid bought the Rolex and Patek Philippe watches to Precision Watches & Jewellery in Willow Grove, Pa., the police mentioned.

Neither Fortuna nor Precision Watches responded to requests for remark.

Brazilian regulation permits for presidents to maintain some items of a private nature, akin to a customized hat, however they can’t be of excessive worth and so they particularly can’t be a beneficial jewel, mentioned Bruno Dantas, the top of Brazil’s watchdog courtroom, the efficient auditor of the federal authorities. “If it’s a diamond necklace with the president’s title on it, he can’t have that,” Mr. Dantas mentioned.

To assist resolve, the president asks a government-appointed panel. The panel dominated that a lot of the jewellery Mr. Bolsonaro’s aides tried to promote was of a private nature.

Mr. Bueno, Mr. Bolsonaro’s lawyer, mentioned that makes that jewellery Mr. Bolsonaro’s property. “He can promote them,” he mentioned. “And if he dies, the property go to his heirs.”

Mr. Dantas mentioned the federal government panel erred; it ought to have been apparent that such costly items are state property. “If this was attributable to incompetence, the incompetent ones will probably be punished for his or her incompetence,” Mr. Dantas mentioned in an interview. “But when it was intentional, then you might have a criminal offense.”

Federal police have raided the house and seized the telephone of the panel’s chairman, Marcelo da Silva Vieira. The decide overseeing the case has mentioned some proof means that Mr. Bolsonaro might need ordered the panel to grant him the items.

The chairman’s lawyer, Eduardo Kuntz, mentioned the panel was not pressured to rule because it did and that his shopper “would have made the identical determination a thousand occasions.”

Mr. Bolsonaro was nonetheless required to get separate permission from a special authorities physique to promote the items, however he didn’t. Investigators have mentioned Mr. Bolsonaro and his aides additionally tried to cowl up the gross sales through the use of money once they may or, in some instances, not disclosing the overseas items in any respect. The Rolex bought in Pennsylvania was disclosed as a present from Saudi Arabia. However the Patek Phillipe watch was by no means reported, and police officers consider it got here from officers in Bahrain.

When Mr. Dantas’s watchdog courtroom discovered of the jewellery this 12 months, it ordered Mr. Bolsonaro to return it.

In March, Frederick Wassef, Mr. Bolsonaro’s former lawyer, flew to Pennsylvania and repurchased the Rolex for $49,000, the police mentioned.

But final week, when requested in regards to the Rolex, Mr. Wassef instructed the Brazilian information web site g1: “I’ve by no means seen that watch.” He added, “I dare you to show it.”

Information websites then printed the receipt together with his title on it. Mr. Wassef admitted he repurchased the watch, however mentioned Mr. Bolsonaro had not despatched him.

The overseas jewels case, together with a lot of the investigations into Mr. Bolsonaro, is being overseen by Alexandre de Moraes, a Supreme Court docket justice who has turn into considered one of Brazil’s strongest and polarizing figures. He has acted as the first examine on Mr. Bolsonaro’s energy for years, taking possession of a lot of the instances involving the previous president. Final week, he licensed authorities to realize entry to the overseas financial institution accounts of Mr. Bolsonaro and his spouse.

Federal police officers additionally obtained Mr. Cid’s WhatsApp messages, exhibiting his efforts to promote the jewellery and ship money to Mr. Bolsonaro. In a single trade on Jan. 18 with one other aide to Mr. Bolsonaro, Mr. Cid mentioned in an audio message that his father had $25,000 for the previous president. “He would ship it by hand,” he mentioned. “The much less motion within the account, the higher, proper?”

Mr. Cid has been in jail for months on expenses that he helped falsify Mr. Bolsonaro’s vaccine data. Mr. Cid’s lawyer instructed reporters final week that Mr. Bolsonaro had ordered Mr. Cid to promote the jewellery.

Mr. Bolsonaro has denied receiving any cash from the gross sales and mentioned that Mr. Cid was appearing on his personal. “My model is honesty and at all times will probably be,” he mentioned. “There may be nothing concrete in opposition to me.”

Paulo Motoryn contributed reporting from Brasília, and Ana Ionova from Rio de Janeiro.

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