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Saturday, May 25, 2024

South Korean Academics Rally for Protections from Harassing Dad and mom


Tens of hundreds of lecturers throughout South Korea have protested within the streets since July amid worsening complaints over pupil misbehavior and harassment by dad and mom.

On Saturday, a big protest was held close to the Nationwide Meeting in Seoul, estimated by the native police at 100,000 individuals. On Monday, tens of hundreds of lecturers nationwide took a coordinated go away of absence and held rallies nationwide, in keeping with organizers — an uncommon tactic used to sidestep the regulation that makes it unlawful for them to strike in South Korea.

On Monday, when lecturers additionally mourned the suicide of a instructor who claimed to have suffered by the hands of abusive dad and mom, some elementary colleges canceled courses, in keeping with the Training Ministry — a uncommon prevalence.

In a rustic identified for its fiercely aggressive colleges and the load that society locations on training, college students and oldsters usually are not the one events underneath immense stress. Academics say that they typically face strain from dad and mom who make extreme or unimaginable calls for of them, together with favoritism for his or her youngsters.

“Academics aren’t in a position to do their jobs proper now,” mentioned Jo Chan-woo, 34, a instructor in Seoul who attended the rally on Monday. “Allow us to do our jobs.”

Certainly one of lecturers’ central calls for consists of revising an ambiguous clause within the nation’s Youngster Welfare Act meant to ban little one abuse. Academics say that the paradox permits dad and mom to file — or threaten to file — little one abuse fees towards lecturers who take cheap disciplinary motion towards pupil misbehavior. Even when a instructor is falsely accused, they could possibly be suspended from their job and left alone to defend themselves in court docket, lecturers and training consultants say.

Academics say the worry of dealing with such allegations has scared them from responding to misbehaving college students and empowered some dad and mom to harass lecturers. Abusive calls and texts from such dad and mom, compounded by lecturers’ rising administrative duties, have broken the psychological well being of many lecturers, consultants say.

Academics have demanded that the federal government present clear tips on disciplining college students. (Academics in South Korea are authorities staff whose conduct and duties are outlined by the nation’s legal guidelines.)

“We’re asking the federal government to supply a particular handbook for coping with misbehaving college students,” mentioned Son Gyeong-eun, 33, a instructor in Seoul who rallied on Monday. “Cheap self-discipline shouldn’t depend as little one abuse.”

The lecturers’ motion was sparked partially by the obvious suicide of a younger instructor in July at an elementary faculty in Seoul after she had expressed issues to her colleagues about being harassed by dad and mom. Her loss of life, which police officers have mentioned is being investigated as a suicide, shocked the general public, together with the legions of lecturers who’ve since held vigils and rallies each weekend to demand higher protections for educators.

The Training Ministry mentioned it supported the modifications demanded by the lecturers — however warned that they and their principals might face punishment for protesting as a result of collective motion is prohibited for presidency staff. Academics at Monday’s rallies legally used sick go away or trip days, mentioned Jang Dae-jin, a spokesman for one of many nation’s lecturers’ unions.

The rallies of the previous few months have been led by a grassroots group of lecturers that’s impartial from the unions and which doesn’t have the ability to authorize such demonstrations, Mr. Jang mentioned.

Representatives of fogeys’ associations in South Korea mentioned they sympathized with the difficulties that lecturers confronted of their work environments, however argued that a few of their calls for had been impractical and that folks had been being blamed.

“It’s unlucky that a lot of the anger is directed at dad and mom,” mentioned Lee Yoon-kyoung, the president of one of many nation’s nationwide associations of fogeys. “They need to be directed on the authorities or the ministry as a substitute.”

About 100 public schoolteachers died by suicide from 2018 to June of this yr, with 57 educating at elementary colleges, in keeping with Training Ministry information made public in July.

A minimum of three South Korean elementary schoolteachers have died by suicide previously three years after battling strain from college students and their dad and mom, protest organizers mentioned, together with two lecturers who had taught on the identical faculty in northern Seoul and who died inside a six-month interval in 2021.

The variety of lecturers who give up or retired from public colleges reached a file excessive of greater than 12,000 previously yr, a 43 p.c improve from six years in the past and a 12 p.c leap from final yr, in keeping with Training Ministry information.

The Training Ministry carried out protections final Friday to forestall lecturers from being harassed, together with requiring dad and mom to arrange appointments to talk with lecturers; now not requiring lecturers to reply to dad and mom’ calls by way of their private telephones; and growing the penalties for pupil misbehavior.

“There was a rise in indiscriminate little one abuse allegations towards lecturers, as the main focus shifted too far towards pupil’s rights, whereas these of the lecturers weren’t revered,” the ministry mentioned in a press release.

Many lecturers mentioned that these measures made little distinction. The ministry mentioned that it was persevering with to work on training modifications, together with amendments to the Youngster Welfare Act, however supplied no timeframe.


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